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Assignment objectives: Practice the Bio-inspiration lens

任务目标:学习使用仿生镜头

1. Observe biological systems as if they were technological systems
2. Identify functions in biology and related analogical challenges in technology
3. Practice the challenge definition in bio-inspirational terms
1. 以科技系统的视角观察生物系统
2. 确定生物学功能和相关类比技术挑战
3. 学习仿生术语


Part 1: Functions Hunters

第 1 部分:寻找功能

In front of you are two biological systems with explanations about their functionality.
在你面前有两个生物系统以及对于它们功能性的解释

1. Samara seed
1. 翅果种子

Throw the seed from different heights and positions. Observe the spin of the seed while it falls down.
从不同的高度和位置抛出种子观察种子下落过程中,观察旋转状态

2. Peacock feather
2. 孔雀羽毛

Look at the feather from different angles. Observe the color change from brown to colorful.
从不同的角度观察羽毛。观察颜色从褐色到多色的变化

For each system define:
对于每一个系统,给出以下定义:

1. What is the main system function on the biological level and what is main function on the technological level.
2. Define the technological function by Verb & Noun (Function object).
3. Define what parameter is changed in the system by the function?
1. 什么是生物层面的主要系统功能,什么是对技术层面的主要功能。
2. 以动词和名词定义技术功能(功能对象)。
3. 什么参数系统随着功能改变而改变?

Example 例子:


Definition: Biological functions on the high level are related to basic survival needs: Food, Defense, Shelter, Communication, Reproduction and Movement. Under technological lens we observe physical functions that change the system stage.

定义:高层次的生物学功能都与基本生存需要相关:食品,防御,庇护地点,交流,繁殖和运动。在技术镜头下,我们观察到更改系统阶段的物理功能

The lotus leaf dirt removal mechanism):
荷叶去污机理):

Biological function 生物学功能:

Perform photosynthesis without disturbances
无干扰进行光合作用

Technological function 技术功能:

Repel water & Remove dirt
防水和去污

Parameter changed in the system 系统参数变更

Dirt (Dirt - No dirt)
污物(污垢 - 无污垢)


Samara seed
翅果种子

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Peacock feather
孔雀羽毛

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Analogical thinking
类比思考

Observe the technological function and perform a brainstorming in your team:
观察技术功能,和您的团队进行头脑风暴:

1. Where else do we need a similar function in technology? Identify a technological design challenge that can be solved by this biological mechanism.
1. 我们还可以将类似的技术功能应用在哪些领域?提出一个可以用这种生物机制类来解决的技术设计难题
2. Suggest a bio-inspired innovation based on this biological mechanism.
2. 提出一个基于此生物机制的创新点

Here are the innovations inspired by these biological systems.
这里是受生物系统启发的创新。

Samara seed
翅果种子

Biological Challenge 生物学挑战

The samara seed, also known as the “helicopter” seed is required to disperse as far as possible in order to achieve better chances for fertilization. When it falls down it spins and stays more time in air. How does it spin?
翅果种子也称为“直升机”种子需要传播的越远越好,才能更好地繁衍。在它降落时,它会旋转,在空中停留很长时间。它如何旋转呢?

The solution 解决方案

The seed has a asymmetric stiff wing that cause it spin during the fall. The seed use the wind for moving while the spin slow the fall and let it reach faraway. The final distance depends on the initial height and the wind power.
种子有一对不对称的固定翼,在下落时就会旋转。种子随风漂浮,而旋转动作会减速下降,这样可以飘的更远。最后的距离取决于开始的高度和风力。

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Bio- inspired Innovation 生物灵感的创新

Inspired by the Samara seed flight “without energy” mechanism, a robotic samara nano air vehicle was developed in Maryland university, USA.
The robot design is based on the geometry and the mechanics of the helicopter seed and its anatomical structure. Including its weight center, the thickness and the shape of the wing and its surface texture.
受翅果种子“无能耗”飞行机制的启发,美国马里兰大学开发了机器翅果微型飞行器。
机器人设计基于直升机种子的外形和结构以及解剖结构。包括重心、厚度、翅膀形状和表面纹理。

Peacock feather
孔雀羽毛

Biological Challenge 生物学挑战

When a male courts a female, he spreads out his tail feathers to display his colors for her to see.
How to create dynamic colors that can be changed and do not fade through time?
当公孔雀讨好母孔雀时,它会展开尾羽,利用色彩吸引对方。
任何创造变化的动态色彩,不会随时间褪色?

The solution 解决方案

The brilliant iridescent colors of the peacock's tail feathers are created by structural coloration.
The feathers are constructed of nanostructures . Slight changes to the spacing of these nanostructures result in different reflected light angles and different colors.
孔雀尾羽绚丽的色彩由结构性着色造成。
羽毛由纳米结构构成。这些纳米结构细微的间距变化就会形成不同的反射光角度,从而得到不同的色彩。

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Bio- inspired Innovation 生物灵感的创新

The Mirasol display screen (produced by Qualcomm ) is based on the structural colors idea.
Microscopic mirrors change the size of an air gap inside the display. Depending on the size of the gap, white light is reflected back as red, green, or blue.
The color is not emitted but reflected, so it is more efficient and viewable under any light condition.
米拉索尔显示屏幕(高通生产)基于结构化色彩创意。
微镜改变显示屏内空气间隙的大小。根据间隙大小,白光会反射出红、绿、蓝。
色彩不是放射出来而是反射而来,所以在任何光线条件下,更加高效、更加清楚。

Read the innovation stories and discuss:
阅读创新故事,然后讨论:

1. In what level the function is achieved? Form/Structure, Process, System
1. 功能实现到达何种程度?形式/结构,过程,系统
2. What knowledge was transferred from biology to technology?
2. 有什么知识从生物学转移到了科技领域?
3. What is your evaluation for this innovation?
3. 你对这种创新的评价是什么?

Samara seed
翅果种子

Peacock feather
孔雀羽毛


Part 2: Bio-inspired challenge definition

第 2 部分:仿生挑战的定义

The following sentences describe various design challenges. Redefine each challenge in bio-inspirational terms according to the following template:
下面的句子描述了各种设计面临的挑战。根据以下仿生模版和术语重新定义各种挑战:

How Does Nature+ Verb + Noun
自然是如何+动词+名词

Example 例子:


I don’t want to use bugs killer but I don’t want bugs either.
How does nature deter bugs?

我不想用杀虫剂,但我也不想虫子存在
自然是如何抑虫的?


1. I can't sell my fabrics in Europe because they contain heavy metals. How does nature
1. 我不能在欧洲卖我的面料,因为它们含有重金属。自然是如何

2. My photovoltaic system efficiency is very low. How does nature
2. 我的光伏系统的效率是非常低的。 自然是如何

3. There are many car accidents in my city. How does nature
3. 我的城市车祸发生率非常高 自然是如何

4. I don't want to clean my bathroom with so many chemical. How does nature
4. 我并不想用这么多化学用品清洁洗手间 自然是如何

5. Plastic bottles are a serious cause of environmental damage. How does nature
5. 塑料瓶严重破坏环境 自然是如何

6. Our product distribution costs is extremely high. How does nature
6. .我们的产品分销成本是非常高 自然是如何

7. There is a problem of water supply in this arid area. How does nature
7. 这个干旱地区供水很成问题 自然是如何

8. The 3D printing technology is involves toxic materials. How does nature
8. 3D 打印技术涉及有毒物质 自然是如何

9. There is a size limit when we use 3D printing. How does nature
9. 3D 打印技术有尺寸限制 自然是如何

10. How to make money? How does nature
10. 如何挣钱? 自然是如何


Part 3: Group discussion

第 3 部分:小组讨论

Share current design challenges you are facing now at your work.
和小组分享你在工作中遇到的设计挑战

Redefine each challenge in bio-inspirational terms according to the following template
根据仿生模版和术语重新定义各种挑战:

How does nature + Verb + Noun.
自然是如何 + 动词 + 名词